The concept of cultural heritage encompasses the various ways in which we express our experiences as humans in this world. Cultural heritage can be both tangible and intangible, and can include archeological sites, historical monuments, customs and social practices, sculptures, language, mosaics, drawings, photographs, books, musical instruments, music, dance, stories, films, national parks, etc.




UNESCO: the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization


Examples of art and artifacts that represent past and present times and cultures:

Mayan Chichin Itza (Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico)

Great Wall of China (Ming dynasty) 

Berlin Wall (Germany 1961-1989)

Incan Machu Picchu (Peru)

Moai (Easter Island)

Grand Canyon (USA)

Great Barrier Reef (Australia)




Small group exercise

1. Before beginning the exercise, introduce yourself to your group members.


2. Read aloud the following quote from Michael Buckland"Cultural heritage is important because it strongly 

influences our sense of identity, our loyalties, and our behavior." Discuss whether you agree or disagree with 

Buckland and explain why. Be sure that all group members have an opportunity to express themselves! 


3. Identify examples of cultural heritage, tangible or intangible. Your choices can be from any time and place, 

including here and now. 


4. Discuss the significance of the examples you identify, to you as an individual, to society, and to humanity.






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