"The one real calamity, the one fatal flaw which can afflict a human group and prevent it from achieving fulfilment is to be 

alone." (Claude Lévi-Strauss: Race, History and Culture)

The chapter on cinema brings to a close our study of the human need and desire to share stories, and how we use pictures, 

literature, theatre, and cinema to tell those stories, to understand and record our world, to amuse, to inspire, to heal, to 

inform, to find new ways of seeing and of being, with ourselves and with our fellow humans.


The Lumière Brothers and their film Arrival of a train at La Ciotat (1895)

The Lumière's cinématographe 

Georges Méliès A Trip to the Moon  (1902) ; restored hand-colored version, with music by Air 

Tuileries film short by Joel and Ethan Coen from the 2006 film Paris, je t'aime 
 with English subtitles here / without subtitles here

The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore
2011 Film short about the curative power of books, directed by William Joyce and Brandon Oldenburg

Inspiration for this story: 
the storm sequence from Buster Keaton's Steamboat Bill, Jr. (storm begins at 55:08)
the tornado sequence from Frank Baum's The Wizard of Oz,
and real life event Hurricane Katrina.

            Above: an early Lumière advertisement

            Below: an ad for the Edison Kinetoscope


            A Trip to the Moon
, by Georges Méliès


Open Culture: 635 free movies online

Film Criticism 

Cascadia International Women's Film Festival 

Oscar nominated short films

D.W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation

Plato's "Allegory of the Cave," narrated by Orson Welles

Website of William Joyce, author of The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore

Yasujiro Ozu's Floating Weeds

Flash mobs featuring Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" can be seen at Moyers and company


Cultural critic Walter Benjamin's The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Amy Herzog on "Images of Thought and Acts of Creation: Deleuze, Bergson and the Question of Cinema"

André Bazin on "The Myth of Total Cinema"

Susan Sontag on "The Decay of Cinema"

Tom Perlmutter (National Film Board of Canada) on The Evolution of Cinema and the Birth of a New Art Form

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